A makeup artist makes makeup to improve the look of others. As a makeup artist, generally you will apply makeup on the face of others, for example for a job interview, a wedding, prom, birthday, or even other occasions. There are many makeup artists who specialize in different areas of makeup artistry.
Cosmetology schools provide makeup artist training. They generally teach makeup artist basics and how to apply makeup. Cosmetologists get their education through formal education at a vocational/trade school or through a college. However, there are cosmetology schools that do not offer this type of education.